The Six Core Concepts of Business Analysis

Published by Judy Melson

In my current role as an acquisition consultant, I am helping California agencies plan and procure new information technology solutions. Starting with a structured approach to business analysis has set the stage for success. The Business Analysis Core Concept Model (BACCM™), developed by the International Institute for Business Analysis (IIBA), incorporates six core concepts: changes, solutions, contexts, value, stakeholders, and needs. These concepts each relate to one another, build a powerful foundation for analysis, guide decision-making, and can be evaluated iteratively for phased or Agile projects.

For one of my clients, we have begun analyzing technology alternatives, by defining the proposed change, eliciting requirements to identify the needs of stakeholders involved, and conducting market research to analyze how solutions will add value within the organization’s business and technical context. In addition to planning for a technology transformation, my client is also planning an office move. The lease on their current building is ending (context) and there is an opportunity to find a new location (solution) that will increase the staff’s (stakeholders) access to parking (needs) at a much lower cost to the organization (value).

As a result of my client’s move, my commute will increase so I am considering buying a new car (change). Luckily, I can once again turn to the BACCM to decide on a solution. My 13-year-old car is the brunt of many jokes and suffers from a few ailments (context). I will easily find value, as there are many fuel-efficient cars on the market. Finally, I can discuss this change with my stakeholders (aka family), to meet our financial, aesthetic, safety, and other needs. Applying the six core concepts of BACCM is useful at both work and home!